LGBT Human Rights and Mental Health: Psychiatric Abuse of Same-Sex Sexualities and Tongzhi Well-Being in China

Human rights of sexual minorities and their violation have a direct impact on the mental health of these populations. Over the past decade, the international human rights movement for sexual minorities has established a strong network that has been active in promoting and protecting sexual minorities in developing countries. The Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Law in Relation to Issues of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity are the most impressive example of such a successful global collaboration between experts from around the world.

The Yogyakarta Principles was launched in March of 2007 at the UN Human Rights Council’s session in Geneva, where 54 states had called for the council to act against egregious violations of the rights of sexual minorities. They confirm legal standards for how governments and other actors should end violence, abuse, and discrimination against sexual minorities, and ensure full equality. Principle 18 of the document calls for the protection of sexual minorities from medical abuses. With regard to mental health, the Yogyakarta Principles call on the human rights, medical, and mental health communities to: “Ensure that any medical or psychological treatment or counseling does not, explicitly or implicitly, treat sexual orientation and gender identity as medical conditions to be treated, cured or suppressed.”

In academia, scholars traditionally have shared research interests in sexuality and gender mostly through international meetings and email exchanges ( e.g. listservs). However, relatively little effort has been made to create community and academic partnerships that conduct systematic and participatory research on the relationship between human rights and mental health. In part, the dearth of participatory research is due to the difficulties of establishing the rapport required to conduct research in its natural environment and the absence of mental health research capacity in many developing countries.

In partnership with local community leaders, RIWW collaborative research will respond to inequality in access to HIV prevention/care and mental health services, the corresponding crisis of human rights in sexual minorities, and contribute to public policy-making through empirical research. The community-academic partnership in action-oriented research will have a significant impact by increasing the awareness of victimization against sexual minorities in the broader context of international human rights issues and promoting mental health professionals’ involvement in social justice around the world. Modeling such international collaborative research can help in capacity building in developing countries, improving local ability to conduct mental health research, utilize results effectively, and promote demand for further research.

Attending will be researchers and activists who might want to contribute to our research project on conversion therapies and other human right violations with LGBT persons. The forum will discuss collaborative and participatory global research on mental health, psychiatric and psychological interventions, and human rights of sexual minorities. In particular, the forum will develop the research plan of sexual orientation conversion therapy in China and explore how to implement and extend the study to other regions.

性少数人群的权利以及对其的侵害,对e¿™äº›äººç¾¤çš„心理卫生有直接影响。e¿‡åŽ»åå¹´æ¥ï¼Œå›½e™…性少数人群人权e¿åŠ¨å·²ç»å»ºç«‹äº†å¼ºæœ‰åŠ›çš„e”系网络,在发展中国家积极地促e¿›ä¸Žä¿æŠ¤æ€§å°‘数人群的权利。日惹原则关于在性取向与性别e®¤åŒæ–¹e¢å¯¹å›½e™…法的应用是各国专家在全球eŒƒå›´å†…成功合作的最好eŒƒä¾‹ã€‚

日惹原则在 2007å¹´3月e”合国人权委员会日内瓦会e®®æœŸe—´æå‡ºï¼Œå½“æ—¶54 个国家敦促人权委员会e‡‡å–e¡ŒåŠ¨åˆ¶æ­¢å¯¹æ€§å°‘数人群权利令人发指的侵犯。他们确e®¤äº†æ”¿åºœä¸Žå…¶å®ƒæœºæž„在制止e’ˆå¯¹æ€§å°‘数人群的暴力、e™å¾…以及歧e§†ï¼Œä»¥åŠç¡®ä¿å®Œå…¨å¹³ç­‰æƒåˆ©çš„法律准则。第十八条原则e¦æ±‚保护性少数人群不受医学e™å¾…。e’ˆå¯¹å¿ƒç†å«ç”Ÿe—®e¢˜ï¼Œæ—¥æƒ¹åŽŸåˆ™e¦æ±‚人权、医疗与心理卫生工作e€…: “确保任何医学治疗、心理治疗及咨e¯¢ä¸ä¼šå…¬å¼€åœ°æˆ–ešæ™¦åœ°å°†æ€§å–向eº«ä»½e®¤åŒå½“作eœ€e¦æ²»ç–—、治愈或制止的疾病。”

在学术界,学e€…e€šå¸¸e€še¿‡å›½e™…会e®®ä¸Žç”µå­e‚®ä»¶æ–¹å¼ï¼ˆå¦‚e‚®ä»¶ç»„)分享有关性与性别的研究结果。然e€Œï¼Œåœ¨ç ”究人权与心理卫生关系方e¢ï¼Œe¿˜æ²¡æœ‰å¤šå°‘在社群与学术界建立合作关系的努力。一定程度上,缺乏参与性的研究源于eš¾ä»¥å»ºç«‹åœ¨e‡ªç„¶çŽ¯å¢ƒä¸­e¿›e¡Œç ”究所eœ€çš„研究e€…与研究对e±¡ä¹‹e—´çš„e‰¯å¥½å…³ç³»ï¼Œä»¥åŠe®¸å¤šå‘展中国家尚不具备e¿›e¡Œå¿ƒç†å«ç”Ÿç ”究的eƒ½åŠ›ã€‚

e€še¿‡ä¸Žå½“地的社区组织e€…合作,无墙研究所的参与性研究将回应在eŽ·å¾— HIVe¢„e˜²æŽªæ–½ä¸ŽæœåŠ¡ä»¥åŠå¿ƒç†å«ç”ŸæœåŠ¡æ–¹e¢çš„机会不均等、与性少数人群相关的人权危机,并e€še¿‡ç§‘学研究对公共政策制定做出e´¡çŒ®ã€‚e¡ŒåŠ¨ä¸»å¯¼ç ”究中的社群与学e€…的合作关系,e€še¿‡åœ¨å›½e™…人权更广的eŒƒå›´e‡Œæe«˜å¯¹æ€§å°‘数人群所受伤害的意e¯†ï¼Œä»¥åŠä¿ƒe¿›å¿ƒç†å«ç”Ÿå·¥ä½œe€…在全球eŒƒå›´å†…参与社会公正工作,e€Œäº§ç”Ÿå·¨å¤§å½±å“ã€‚学习e¿™ç§å›½e™…合作研究模式有助于发展中国家的eƒ½åŠ›å»ºe®¾ï¼Œæå‡å½“地心理卫生研究eƒ½åŠ›ï¼Œæœ‰æ•ˆåˆ©ç”¨ç ”究结果,并激发对e¿›ä¸€æ­¥ç ”究的eœ€e¦ã€‚

参加此会的包括研究人员与社区活动人士,他们eƒ½æ„¿æ„å‚与我们关于e½¬æ€§å€¾å‘治疗以及其它侵害同志权利现e±¡çš„研究工作。在e®ºå›ä¸Šå°†e®¨e®º 在心理卫生、ç